07 July 2008

Causative

The causative is a common structure in English. It is used when one thing or person causes another thing or person to do something. This page will explain how causatives are formed, and how to use them.
Basic causative structures
There are two basic causative structures. One is like an active, and the other is like a passive. These examples use the causative verb "have":
I had John fix the car.
The active causative structure
Subject Causative verb Agent Action verb Object
Susan had her brother do her homework.
The police had the suspect stop his car.
We had the carpenter fix our window.
The passive causative structure
In the passive form, there is usually no agent. The action verb is in the past participle, and the object comes before it:
Subject Causative verb Object Action verb
We had our door fixed.
Yukiko had her hair cut.
Sanjay had the windows cleaned.
________________________________________
Other causative verbs
All the examples above use the causative verb "have". However, many other verbs can be used in causatives. In the active form, som of these verbs require the action verb to have "to" before it. These are some examples of the most common causative verbs.
Verb Meaning Form of Action Verb Examples
make force, compel plain form The robbers made us lie on the floor.
[No passive form]
get same as "have" "to" form I got Jae Won to pick me up in the car.
She got her hair cut.
let allow plain form I'll let you borrow my bike.
[No passive form]


PERBEDAAN DAN KEGUNAAN BEBERAPA CAUSATIVES

Causative Guna
Contoh

Let
FORMULA [let + person + verb]
This construction means "to allow someone to do something."
• John let me drive his new car.
• Will your parents let you go to the party?
• I don't know if my boss will let me take the day off.
Make
FORM: [make + person + verb]
This construction means "to force someone to do something."
• My teacher made me apologize for what I had said.
• Did somebody make you wear that ugly hat?
• She made her children do their homework.

Have
FORM [have + person + verb] This construction means "to give someone the responsibility to do something."
• Dr. Smith had his nurse take the patient's temperature.
• Please have your secretary fax me the information.
• I had the mechanic check the brakes.
Get
FORM [get + person + to + verb]
This construction usually means "to convince to do something" or "to trick someone into doing something.
• Susie got her son to take the medicine even though it tasted terrible.
• How can parents get their children to read more?
• The government TV commercials are trying to get people to stop smoking.
Get vs. Have
Sometimes "get someone to do something" is interchangeable with "have someone do something," but these expressions do not mean exactly the same thing.
• I got the mechanic to check my brakes.
AT FIRST THE MECHANIC DIDN'T THINK IT WAS NECESSARY, BUT I CONVINCED HIM TO CHECK THE BRAKES.
• I had the mechanic check my brakes.
I ASKED THE MECHANIC TO CHECK THE BRAKES.

15 comments:

  1. Your blog keeps getting better and better! Your older articles are not as good as newer ones you have a lot more creativity and originality now keep it up!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Amiable post and this fill someone in on helped me alot in my college assignement. Thank you seeking your information.

    ReplyDelete
  3. [url=http://www.kfarbair.com][img]http://www.kfarbair.com/_images/_photos/photo_big7.jpg[/img][/url]

    בית מלון [url=http://www.kfarbair.com]כפר בעיר[/url] - שלווה, [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/about.html]חדרים[/url] מרווחים, אינטימיות, [url=http://kfarbair.com/services.html]שקט[/url] . אנו מציעים שירותי אירוח מגוונים כמו כן יש במקום שירות חדרים המכיל [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/eng/index.html]סעודות רומנטיות[/url] במחירים מיוחדים אשר מוגשות ישירות לחדרכם!

    לפרטים נוספים אנא גשו לעמוד המלון - [url=http://kfarbair.com]כפר בעיר[/url] [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/contact.html][img]http://www.kfarbair.com/_images/apixel.gif[/img][/url]

    ReplyDelete
  4. Predilection casinos? consider this raw [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com]casino[/url] direct and award online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at www.realcazinoz.com .
    you can also hinder our untrained [url=http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com]casino[/url] safeguard at http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com and attainment during the course of with pukka folding change !
    another elegance [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com]casino spiele[/url] emplacement is www.ttittancasino.com , in compensation german gamblers, pocket a expose in charitable online casino bonus.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi
    [URL=http://blog.bakililar.az/Botshark/]Buy Tramadol Online[/URL]

    ReplyDelete
  6. midlands dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]dating resource[/url] free dating site in australia http://loveepicentre.com/ christian baptist chat room for singles

    ReplyDelete
  7. robb report volvo car audio awards [url=http://www.cardvdplanet.com/car-dvd-player-with-fm-function-cd138--discount-price57.html]chrysler car audio[/url] beststuff fuel car dvd ipod vacation houseboat http://www.cardvdplanet.com/768t-is-multi-function-portable-dvd-rotation--discount-price97.html chrysler car audio
    honda accord car audio forum [url=http://www.cardvdplanet.com/?action=products&save_s_prm=1&pr_sort_=priority]best auto dvd player[/url] kansas city auto audio http://www.cardvdplanet.com/8-5-inch-flip-down-car-monitor-dvd-game-car0038--discount-price2.html hyundai car audio system
    install auto dvd player [url=http://www.cardvdplanet.com/4-3-inch-built-in-gps-touchscreen-bluetooth-car--discount-price23.html]best auto dvd player[/url] auto audio wiring kits http://www.cardvdplanet.com/gps-car-dvd-player-online-store4.html vintage car auto audio

    ReplyDelete
  8. tea preparations [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/antibiotici.htm]antibiotici[/url] knox smoking house http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/dostinex.htm anti viral medicine http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/fludac.htm
    weight loss and omega fatty acids [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/accupril.htm]accupril[/url] penis skin damage [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/mentax.htm]shanghai green gunpowder tea[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  9. http://www.kimoktae.pe.kr/%7Ekimoktae/cgi-bin/kimoktae/main.cgi?board=master&command=guest_email&textnum=1203863771 http://www.hypeproductions.fi/flinch/forum/viewtopic.php?f=12&t=55205 http://third-army.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=124632 http://www.snipers-realm.com/2/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=85268
    http://uatu.net/forum/index.php?topic=84136.new#new http://gratefulthreads.com/kcsupperclub/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=63368 http://allacrossamerica.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=61879 http://quickestresponse.com/salamutzforum/index.php?topic=203446.new#new
    http://www.myjimmy.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=202516 http://asso-vinsdefrance.fr/frm/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=13737 http://dimdim.us/community/index.php?topic=48066.new#new

    ReplyDelete
  10. aps health care [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/stress-gum.htm]stress gum[/url] painters with prostate cancer http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/arreter-de-fumer.htm
    texas department of health communicty center nurse practitioner [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/perdida-de-peso.htm]perdida de peso[/url] medifast weight loss online coupons [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/la-salute-delle-donne.htm ]diabetes blood glucose monitors [/url] free exercises to increase breast size
    brooklyn new york medical malpractice lawyer [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/catalogue/w.htm]Order Cheap Generic Drugs[/url] medical records management curriculum http://usadrugstoretoday.com/products/extreme-thyrocin.htm
    radio talk back script on ben cousins drug issue [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/antibiotics.htm]antibiotics[/url] medical evaluations alaska [url=http://usadrugstoretoday.com/categories/arreter-de-fumer.htm ]medical mailing list virginia [/url] president announced statin drugs

    ReplyDelete
  11. christian dior bag replica http://luxefashion.us/of-white-pullover-color154.html gently used clothes shops massachusetts [url=http://luxefashion.us/gucci-leather-sandals-for-men-white-item2494.html]replica chanel logo earrings[/url] designer depots paris
    http://luxefashion.us/pink-blue-men-color88.html wallstreet clothes [url=http://luxefashion.us/?action=products&product_id=1919]charles albert shoes[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  12. alternate auto fules http://pqx.in/ferrari/ferrari/355/spider/for/sale mercedes benze auto sales
    [url=http://pqx.in/daewoo/daewoo/dp51c]pinellas county automobile license reverse[/url] automobile car covers [url=http://pqx.in/martin/dbs/aston/martin]dbs aston martin[/url]
    automobile insurance cost reduction act http://pqx.in/buell/buell/s3
    [url=http://pqx.in/audi/audi/listers/coventry]wolf racing team[/url] brush automobile book [url=http://pqx.in/maybach/mercedes/maybach/luxury/car/prices]mercedes maybach luxury car prices[/url]
    lordco auto parts langley http://pqx.in/buell/buell/for/sale/johnson/city
    [url=http://pqx.in/ducati/photo/gallery/ducati]automobile insurance cards[/url] enders racing [url=http://pqx.in/jaguar/eric/falce/jaguar]eric falce jaguar[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  13. mahabharata movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_for_hire/]for hire[/url] sex in the city the movie http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_we_own_the_night/ movie the shelter 2005
    mom blowjob movie post [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_eyes_wide_shut/]eyes wide shut[/url] old movie actors ben luedtke http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_charade/ wax movie editor
    movie brunswick me [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_big_bang_theory/]the big bang theory[/url] movie girl kissing
    free big movie clips [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_rhyme_reason/]rhyme reason[/url] the movie house of wax http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_graduate/ spider man the movie ps2 invincibility code
    the secret movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_you_re_not_elected_charlie_brown/]you re not elected charlie brown[/url] free adult movie for mobile phones http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_northern_lights/ sally fields and farrah fawcet tmade for tv movie

    ReplyDelete
  14. financing movie studio equipment [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_manderlay/]manderlay[/url] introduction of perfume movie http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_road_to_perdition/ amateur porn movie gallery
    free nude girls movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_wendy_wu_homecoming_warrior/]wendy wu homecoming warrior[/url] movie urban justice http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_sex_in_the_ancient_world_prostitution_in_pompeii/ movie review of 9th gate
    dane cook movie fall 2007 [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_i_spy/]i spy[/url] el rancho gay movie fredy navas
    new hindi movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_extreme_championship_wrestling/]extreme championship wrestling[/url] quicktime player 7 files to windows movie maker http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_the_big_lebowski/ windows movie maker effects
    taboo the origianl porn movie [url=http://moviestrawberry.com/films/film_freakshow/]freakshow[/url] the gameplan movie http://moviestrawberry.com/hqmoviesbygenres/download-genre_drama-movies/?page=85 new movie teenage mutin turtles

    ReplyDelete
  15. Some of the sports that are being bet online are horse racing, greyhound racing, and football.Online betting works the same with all the betting websites on the net. These businesses have grown for years. You can play with it by using a single account. Some of these websites also offer gambling online, you are just like playing at the casino and you can bet using the same account. [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/bg/]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/da/]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/de/]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/es]apuestas[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/fr/]jouer en ligne[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/gr]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/jp]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/nl]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/pl]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/pt]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/ro]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/ru]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/se]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/it]bet online[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/cn]bet online[/url] Let’s say the San Diego Chargers are playing the New England Patriots on Monday Night Football. You like the Chargers because they are having a great season, prolific offense, strong defense and they are racking up wins. Since the San Diego offense has been clicking, you also think that a lot of points will be scored during this game. http://www.pulsebet.com/bg/ http://www.pulsebet.com/da/ http://www.pulsebet.com/de/ http://www.pulsebet.com/es/ http://www.pulsebet.com/fr/ http://www.pulsebet.com/gr/ http://www.pulsebet.com/jp/ http://www.pulsebet.com/nl/ http://www.pulsebet.com/pl/ http://www.pulsebet.com/pt/ http://www.pulsebet.com/ro/ http://www.pulsebet.com/ru/ http://www.pulsebet.com/se/ http://www.pulsebet.com/it/ http://www.pulsebet.com/cn/

    ReplyDelete